1894 Buganda Agreement
January 15, 2022 | Katy Yanossy
The agreement stipulated that the Kabaka were to exercise direct domination over the indigenous people of Buganda, who administered justice through the Lukiiko and their officials.  He also consolidated the power of the largely Protestant Bakungu client chiefs, led by Kagwa. The British sent only a few officials to administer the country and relied mainly on the Bakungu chiefs. For decades, they were favored for their political skills, Christianity, friendly relations with the British, ability to raise taxes, and Entebbe`s proximity to the Ugandan capital. In the 1920s, British administrators were more confident and had less need for military or administrative support.  In 1894, the Protectorate of Uganda was founded and the area was extended beyond the borders of Buganda to an area roughly equivalent to today`s Uganda. Mugambwa, J.T. (1987) The legal aspects of the Buganda Agreement of 1900 have been re-examined. Zeitschrift für Rechtspluralismus und inoffizielles Recht, 25-26.
S. 243-274. By establishing Uganda`s northern border as the Kafu River, the Colvile Agreement of 1894 formalized Uganda`s promise that Uganda would receive certain areas in exchange for its support for bunyoro.  Two of the “lost counties” (Buyaga and Bugangaizi) were returned to Bunyoro after the 1964 referendum on Uganda`s lost counties.  In fact, Mutesa`s return to Uganda was outside the mandate of the conference.  The Kampala Supreme Court`s conclusion that the British government was going “crazy” in Article 6 came shortly after the namirembe agreement was heard, but before the agreed recommendations were published – Cohen lobbied to admit it. In November, he reversed the British government`s position and accepted Mutesa`s return, which depended on the adoption and implementation of Namirembe`s recommendations.   “Buganda Agreement” means the Buganda Accords from 1894 to 1955 and any other agreement entered into on behalf of His Majesty with Kabaka, the leaders and people of Buganda or the Kabaka Government, but do not contain Buganda laws or permanent decrees adopted under this Constitution; In an attempt to impose a solution to the deepening political crisis, Ugandan Governor Sir Andrew Cohen referred to [the Uganda Agreement (1900) and demanded that the Kabaka (Mutesa II) be included in the policies of the British government, which advocated the maintenance of a single unified state of Uganda. 3] Kabaka refused.   As a result, the British government revoked its recognition of Mutesa II.
as ruler of Uganda under Article 6 of the Ugandan Convention of 1900 and deported Mutesa to Great Britain.   The news of Mutesa`s deportation severely shocked Baganda and caused a constitutional crisis.  Cohen preferred the immediate installation of a new kabaka, which proved impossible, which required a more complete outcome of the negotiations.   By establishing Uganda`s northern border as the Kafu River, the Colvile Agreement of 1894 formalized the 1894 promise that Uganda would receive certain areas in exchange for its support against Bunyoro.  Two of the “lost counties” (Buyaga and Bugangaizi) were returned to Bunyoro after the 1964 referendum on lost counties in Uganda.  (b) Nominations must be made in writing and submitted by the members representing them to the speaker on or before they are made on that behalf. On the 18th. In June 1894, the British government declared that Uganda would be protected by the British as a protectorate. The Protectorate of Uganda was a protectorate of the British Empire from 1894 to 1962. In 1893, the Imperial British East Africa Company transferred its administrative rights over territories consisting mainly of the Kingdom of Buganda to the British government.
On Tuesday, March 10, the 120th anniversary of the Kingdom of Buganda, under Kabaka (King) Daudi Chwa, jumped into bed with the British. The signing of the agreement not only took away the kingdom`s rights, but also paved the way for paternalism and looting of other parts of Uganda. The agreement enshrined British rule in Buganda and also gave the Baganda the opportunity to extend their influence to other parts of the country. Territories that were not below the kingdoms were taken over by Buganda`s neocolonial agents such as Semei Kakungulu. Daudi Chwa, who was a minor when the deal was signed, said that at the age of majority, he said British control had diluted his authority. My current position is so precocious that I am no longer the direct leader of my people. My subjects see me only as one of the paid British servants. That`s because I don`t really have power over my people, not even the smallest leader,” Chwa said after Baganda and the British rule of Low and Pratt in 1900-1995. Any order given, whether by my local chief or by Lukiiko himself, is always viewed with contempt unless confirmed by the district commissioner.
Chhwa`s oath showed how enslaved Buganda had been. At the request of Sir Gerald Portal, Alfred Tucker, Bishop of East Equatorial Africa and later Bishop of Uganda, urged the British authorities to take control of Uganda.  On the 29th. In May 1893, a treaty between Portal and Kabaka Mwanga unofficially secured Uganda as a British protectorate. On August 27, 1894, Mwanga was forced to sign another treaty with Colonel H.E. Colvile, who promoted the conventional takeover of the territory.  Although the treaties of 1893 and 1894 were concluded because Uganda, as determined by the Berlin Conference, was within the British sphere of influence, Britain did not have the sanctity of traditional rulers and their peoples. It was important that an agreement be reached as opposed to a treaty, so that British rule would become de jure and not de facto.  Unlike the treaties of 1893 and 1894, the Uganda Agreement of 1900 contained clear boundaries of the Ugandan kingdom, a land ownership system, and a fiscal policy.  5. Laws promulgated by Her Majesty`s Government for the general governance of the Protectorate of Uganda shall also apply to the Kingdom of Uganda, unless they are particularly contrary to the provisions of this Agreement, in which case the provisions of this Agreement constitute a special exception in respect of the Kingdom of Uganda.